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The History of al-Tabari Vol. 12
The Battle of al-Qadisiyyah and the Conquest of Syria and Palestine A.D. 635-637/A.H. 14-15
Yohanan Friedmann - Translator
Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l muluk 
by Abu Ja'far Muhammad b Jarir al-Tabri (839-923)

The History of AL-Tabari  is by common consent the most important universal history produced in the world of Islam.

The present volume of the History of al-Tabari deals with the years 14 and 15 of the Islamic era, which correspond to A.D. 635-637. The nascent Islamic state had just emerged victorious from the crisis that followed the Prophet's death in 632 and had suppressed what was known as the riddah ("apostasy") rebellion in the Arabian peninsula. Under the leadership of 'Umar b.'al-Khattab, the second caliph, or successor to the Prophet Muhammad, the Muslims embarked on the conquests that would soon transform the whole of the Middle East and North Africa into an Arab empire. Most of the present volume describes the battle of al-Qadisiyyah, which took place on the border between the fertile Iraqi lowlands (al-sawad) and the Arabian desert and resulted in the decisive defeat of the Persian army. The Muslim victory at al-Qadisiyyah heralded the downfall of the Sasanian dynasty, which had ruled Persia and Mesopotamia since A.D., the third century; it also paved the way for the conquest of Iraq and facilitated Islamic expansion in Persia and beyond.

The volume also deals with the conquest of Syria and Palestine and the Expulsion of the Byzantines from those regions. Particular attention is devoted to the traditions related to the conquest of Jerusalem at the hands of 'Umar b. al-Khattab, the first Muslim prayer on the Temple Mount, and its transformation into an Islamic sanctuary.

The volume contains colorful descriptions of the various battles, expatiations on the bravery of the Muslim warriors, and portrayals of the futile negotiations between the parties before the beginning of hostilities. It thus provides the reader with a fascinating insight into the later Muslim traditions related to those crucial events of early Islamic history

A discounted price is available when purchasing the entire 39-volume History of al-Tabari set. click here or Contact mail@kitaabun.com for more   information.
Table Of Contents


Translator's Foreword

The Caliphate of `Umar b. al-Khattab (cont'd)

The Events of the Year 14 (635/636)

The Day of Armath

The Day of Aghwath

The Day of `Imas

The Night of al-Qadisiyyah

The Account of Ibn Ishaq

An Account of the People of the Lowlands (ahl al-sawad)

The Building of al-Basrah

The Events of the Year 15 (636/637)

The Battle of Marj al-Rum

The Conquest of Hims

The Story of Qinnasrin

The Departure of Heraclius for Constantinople

The Conquest of Caesarea and the Siege of Gaza

The Conquest of Baysan and the Battle of Ajnadayn

The Conquest of Jerusalem

The Introduction of the Pay System (`ata') and of the Military Register (diwan)

Bibliography of Cited Works


About Imam At-Tabari Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Jarir at-Tabari was a scholar of the highest repute he studied hadith literature, he also studied many other subjects to further his knowledge of the Holy Qur'an and the religion of Islam. During the end of his days, he was known as a commentator on the Holy Qur'an, an expert in Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh), and as a famous historian. He was also the author of many books; the most famous of them was his Tafseer of the Holy Qur'an and the other was this encyclopedia on Islamic history.
At-Tabari was born in the city of Amul, in Tabaristan, a mountainous region lying south of the Caspian Sea in the year 839 A.C. and died at the age of 85 in the year 923 A.C.
        More about Imam Tabari

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